Philip C. Hammond (1924–2008)
Philip C. Hammond, professor emeritus of anthropology at the University of Utah and adjunct professor of anthropology at Arizona State University, passed away on February 24 after a lengthy illness. He was 83 years old.
Hammond’s archaeological work included sites in Jordan and Egypt such as Nag Hammadi, Hebron (Tell er-Rumeide) and Petra.
From 1963 to 1966 he directed the American Expedition to Hebron, which carried out the first excavations of the site where the traditional patriarchal burial cave of Machpelah is located.1 The Six-Day War of 1967, however, forced Hammond to postpone and ultimately abandon his work at the West Bank site.
Hammond subsequently turned his attention to Petra in Jordan. He and his wife, Lin, led several excavations at the site over the years, and he became an expert in the archaeology, history and culture of the Nabataeans.2
Born in Brooklyn, New York, Hammond was a decorated World War II veteran and a graduate of Brothers College and Drew Theological Seminary at Drew University. He studied at the American School in Jerusalem (now the W.F. Albright Institute) in 1954–1955 and earned his Ph.D. in archaeology from Yale in 1957.
Before coming to the University of Utah in 1969, Hammond also taught at Lycoming College, Princeton Theological Seminary and Brandeis University. He retired in 1994.
Professor Jeffrey R. Chadwick of Brigham Young University, who inherited Hammond’s Hebron research, described the “generous and genuine” support of his teacher and colleague. “Phil Hammond was a fascinating and friendly individual for whom archaeology was a passion as much as a profession. His work at Hebron was groundbreaking, and his accomplishments at Petra are enjoyed by every visitor to the ‘rose red city.’“—D.D.R..
1. See Jeffrey R. Chadwick, “Discovering Hebron,” BAR, September/October 2005.
2. See Philip C. Hammond, “New Light on the Nabateans,” BAR, March/April 1981.
The Biblical Archaeology Society is an educational non-profit 501c(3) organization. Make a tax-deductible gift today.
Ancient Board Games February 11, 2013
The Nubian Pyramids of Sedeinga February 08, 2013
The Last Days of Hattusa February 08, 2013
Who Were the Essenes? February 07, 2013
Charles Fellows in Aphrodisias February 05, 2013
FREE BIBLE AND ARCHAEOLOGY ARTICLES
More on the Mosaics December 12, 2012
Critical Biblical Scholarship—A Response October 10, 2012
BAR Authors Respond to Readers’ Letters October 10, 2012
Three Takes on the Oldest Hebrew Inscription August 08, 2012
BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY SOCIETY NETWORK LINKS